In the fall of 2013 Kenya began to build a new standard gauge railway also know as the SGR. The train would be made for passengers and cargo transportation between Nairobi and Mombasa. Aimed to cut travel cost and time between the two cities, the SGR would replace the currently existing rail road in hopes of moving Kenya towards advanced economic development and progress.
Along with the railroad fencing will also be built throughout the Tsavo National Park along the route and under passages. The paths that elephants, baboons, and other animals once crossed to migrate in and out of east Tsavo National park will potentially become compromised.
As the construction of the railroad and the completion of the fences its likely that elephants currently living in Tsvao National Park whom often migrate in and out of the park into the near by areas will be caught between farms and the fence blocking them from re-entering the park after leaving.
Crop raiding elephants causes great harm to the local's living in the villages located on the out skirts of Tsavo East. An elephant can crop raid a farmers entire seasons of crops in just one night. Leaving little to no food left for the farmer and his family.
Dr. Lucy King from Save the Elephants has developed an innovative study using an in-depth understanding of elephant behaviour to reduce damage from crop-raiding elephants using their instinctive avoidance of African honey bees. The project explores the use of novel Beehive Fences as a natural elephant deterrent creating a social and economic boost to poverty-stricken rural communities through pollination services and the sustainable harvesting of “Elephant-Friendly Honey”.